The Philippines is broken up in many islands by the sea. The following is a list of the most populous cities in the country, with their population according to the 2010 census. Toggle navigation . The Philippines is a country with a long history of colonization, strongly influencing its culture and traditions.This impact extends well beyond language and food and into the many superstitions that locals take to heart. The CIA Factbook locates the Philippines at 13°N 122°E.. South of the Central Luzon plains lies the largest inland freshwater lake in Southeast Asia, the Laguna de Bay. 1 TECTONICS 1.1 REGIONAL GEODYNAMIC SETTINGS 1.1.1 WESTERN PACIFIC DOMAIN 22.214.171.124 … This list contains most of the highest mountains in the country. The boundaries of the Philippine archipelago are described in Article III of the Treaty of Paris (1898), as comprising an irregular polygon. The Caraballos (Caraballo de Baler) start where the Sierra Madre and the Cordilleras meet.  The Philippines is highly exposed to climate change and is among the world's ten countries that are most vulnerable to climate change risks.. Click on the boxes to view map sheet thumbnails. Mount Mayon is renowned for having an almost perfect cone, but has a violent history of 47 eruptions since 1616 and its VEI-4 eruption on June 23, 1897 rained fire for seven days. It measures up to 2,954 meters (9,692 ft) above sea level and is located on the island of Mindanao.  Eight major types of forests are distributed throughout the Philippines; dipterocarp, beach forest, pine forest, molave forest, lower montane forest, upper montane or mossy forest, mangroves, and ultrabasic forest. Much of the coastal area is rugged and irregular, punctuated by numerous natural harbors and picturesque coves. Uncontrolled deforestation in watershed areas; soil erosion; air and water pollution in Manila; increasing pollution of coastal mangrove swamps which are important fish breeding grounds; severe water pollution that caused the death of one of the country's major rivers, though there are ongoing efforts at resuscitation. , Situated south and west of the Cotabato Basin are a moderately high mountain range, the Tiruray Highlands, which block off the Basin from the southern coastline. The eastern coast of Mindanao features a long mountain range, the Eastern Pacific Cordillera, which stretches from Bilar Point at Surigao in the north to Cape San Agustin at Davao in the south. Botanically, the Philippines are part of Malesia, a floristic province that includes the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, and New Guinea. and other parts in western-central Mindanao. Pulog (elevation 2,928 m/9,606 ft) in northern Luzon and in Mt. All right reserved.  Subic Bay, the Davao Gulf, and the Moro Gulf are other important bays. The southwest monsoon (from May to October) is known as the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon (from November to April), the Amihan. 1 decade ago. Forming the regions, with the exception of the National Capital, are the 81 provinces. The NTMS maps are in 15' x 15' interval and elevation are expressed in 20-meter contour line intervals. The detailed terrain map represents one of many map types and styles available. , South of the Bukidnon-Lanao Plateau lies a large depression, the Cotabato Basin, which forms the lower river basin of the country's second largest river system, the Rio Grande de Cagayan (also known as the Mindanao River). The Philippine Archipelago is geologically part of the Philippine Mobile Belt located between the Philippine Sea Plate, the South China Sea Basin of the Eurasian Plate, and the Sunda Plate. Southeast of Laguna de Bay lies the Bicol Peninsula, connected to mainland Luzon by the isthmus of Tayabas. In the last decade, the Philippines has been hit severely by natural disasters. Through its center runs the country's longest river, the Cagayan, flowing in a northward direction before emptying its waters in the Luzon Strait at the town of Aparri.  The Galathea Depth in the Philippine Trench is the deepest point in the country and the third deepest in the world. Before you buy a vehicle or use it for trailering, carefully review the trailering section of the Owner’s Manual. Search. The east originates from Lake Naujan and the west follows the Mindoro Strait.  Only approximately 1,000 of its islands are populated, and fewer than one-half of these are larger than 2.5 square kilometers (1 sq mi). The Philippines is prone to about six to nine storms which make landfall each year, on average. 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