Data driven testing is often used to support the application of test execution tools such as capture/playback tools. [After IEEE 610], simulation: The representation of selected behavioral characteristics of one physical or abstract system by another system. The criteria used to (temporarily) stop all or a portion of the testing activities on the test items. Testing carried out informally; no formal test preparation takes place, no recognized test design technique is used, there are no expectations for results and randomness guides the test execution activity. post-execution comparison: Comparison of actual and expected results, performed after the software has finished running. The scribe has to make ensure that the logging form is readable and understandable. debugging: The process of finding, analyzing and removing the causes of failures in software. suitability: The capability of the software product to provide an appropriate set of functions for specified tasks and user objectives. The behavior predicted by the specification, or another source, of the component or system under specified conditions. the execution activities of a test level. management review: A systematic evaluation of software acquisition, supply, development, operation, or maintenance process, performed by or on behalf of management that monitors progress, determines the status of plans and schedules, confirms requirements and heir system allocation, or evaluates the effectiveness of management approaches to achieve fitness for purpose. [After IEEE 1008], A computational model consisting of a finite number of states and transitions between those states, possibly with accompanying actions. white box test design technique: Documented procedure to derive and select test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure of a component or system. A white box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute decision outcomes. The ease with which a software product can be modified to correct defects, modified to meet new requirements, modified to make future maintenance easier, or adapted to a changed environment. business process-based testing: An approach to testing in which test cases are designed based on descriptions and/or knowledge of business processes. See also output. See also N-switch testing. A test tool to perform automated test comparison. Systematic application of procedures and practices to the tasks of identifying, analyzing, prioritizing, and controlling risk. [After IEEE 610]. replaceability: The capability of the software product to be used in place of another specified software product for the same purpose in the same environment. Software Testing Technical Content Writer Freelancer Job, QA Outsourcing Guide: Software Testing Outsourcing Companies, Some Interesting Software Testing Interview Questions, Software Testing Course Feedback and Reviews. 100% path coverage implies 100% LCSAJ coverage. decision table testing: A black box test design techniques in which test cases are designed to execute the combinations of inputs and/or stimuli (causes) shown in a decision table. Defect Detection Percentage (DDP) for testing. 100% condition determination coverage implies 100% decision condition coverage. Volume 2 also includes a section on file name extensions showing the most commonly used extensions and their association with various software systems. software. data driven testing: A scripting technique that stores test input and expected results in a table or spreadsheet, so that a single control script can execute all of the tests in the table. See more stories about Software. maintainability testing: The process of testing to determine the maintainability of a software product. requirements with associated tests. [IEEE 829]. A type of review that relies on visual examination of documents to detect defects, e.g. Glossary of Mobile Software Testing Terms. test phase: A distinct set of test activities collected into a manageable phase of a project, e.g. Any condition that deviates from expectation based on requirements specifications, design documents, user documents, standards, etc. Terminology extraction tools have become an indispensable resource in education, research and business. A test type concerned with measuring the behavior of a component or system with increasing load, e.g. The capability of the software product to be installed in a specified environment [ISO 9126]. ‘A>B AND C>1000’. [After IEEE 610]. project test plan: A test plan that typically addresses multiple test levels. A tool that facilitates the recording and status tracking of incidents found during testing. A special instance of a smoke test to decide if the component or system is ready for detailed and further testing. See also test item. Code is a synonym for the “instructions” within a file. [ISO 9126] See also portability testing. It is sometimes referred to as "on-demand software". Zahlreiche Software-Produkte können von Einrichtungen, Beschäftigten und Studierenden der Universität zu Köln im Rahmen von Campuslizenzen und Rahmenverträgen zu besonders preisgünstigen Konditionen bezogen werden. A document identifying test items, their configuration, current status and other delivery information delivered by development to testing, and possibly other stakeholders, at the start of a test execution phase. expected result: The behavior predicted by the specification, or another source, of the component or system under specified conditions. A Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) A high-speed point-to-point channel for attaching a video card to a computer's motherboard, primarily to assist in the acceleration of 3D computer graphics. a calling graph and a subroutine). [IEEE 610]. walkthrough: A step-by-step presentation by the author of a document in order to gather information and to establish a common understanding of its content. result: The consequence/outcome of the execution of a test. load test: A test type concerned with measuring the behavior of a component or system with increasing load, e.g. [After IEEE 610, IEEE 1028]. The Microsoft Terminology Collection is a set of standard technology terms used across Microsoft products. data) can be traced back through the process, taking the process output as a starting point. A reason or purpose for designing and executing a test. The word artifact can refer to almost anything found at an archaeological site, including everything from landscape patterns to the tiniest of trace elements clinging to a potsherd: all stone tools are artifacts. COTS: Acronym for Commercial Off-The-Shelf software. See also intake test. automated testware: Testware used in automated testing, such as tool scripts. An abstract representation of all possible sequences of events (paths) in the execution through a component or system. Testing based on an analysis of the specification of the functionality of a component or system. The process of testing to determine the safety of a software product. [IEEE 1219]. A series which appears to be random but is in fact generated according to some prearranged sequence. Artifacts produced during the test process required to plan, design, and execute tests, such as documentation, scripts, inputs, expected results, set-up and clear-up procedures, files, databases, environment, and any additional software or utilities used in testing. See also black box testing. operability: The capability of the software product to enable the user to operate and control it. Test Process Improvement (TPI): A continuous framework for test process improvement that describes the key elements of an effective test process, especially targeted at system testing and acceptance testing. A requirement that does not relate to functionality, but to attributes of such as reliability, efficiency, usability, maintainability and portability. Testing of individual components in isolation from surrounding components, with surrounding components being simulated by stubs and drivers, if needed. A>B. See also functionality testing. For example, a system in failure mode may be characterized by slow operation, incorrect outputs, or complete termination of execution. Application (sometimes shortened to ‘app’) Computer software, also known as a ‘program’ or ‘app’ that performs a task or set of tasks, such as word processing or drawing. [After IEEE 610] See efficiency. memory leak: A defect in a program’s dynamic store allocation logic that causes it to fail to reclaim memory after it has finished using it, eventually causing the program to fail due to lack of memory. In IBM, implies an element of risk: ﬁWe are Glossary of Performance Testing Terms. A device, computer program or system used during testing, which behaves or operates like a given system when provided with a set of controlled inputs. Software Terms and Conditions Template Software Terms and Conditions The following Terms and Condi tions apply to customer use of Cal ‐ Tek Co. , Inc.’s calibration databa se A statement of test objectives, and possibly test ideas. The percentage of decision outcomes that have been exercised by a test suite. The activity of establishing or updating a test plan. [After IEEE 610] See efficiency. if you do not wish to become a party to this agreement and be bound by its terms and conditions, do not install or use the software, and return the software (with all accompanying written materials and their containers) within thirty (30) days of receipt. The capability of the software product to be attractive to the user. A superior method or innovative practice that contributes to the improved performance of an organization under given context, usually recognized as ‘best’ by other peer organizations. The period of time in the software life cycle during which the equirements for a software product are defined and documented. Testing the attributes of a component or system that do not relate to functionality, e.g. [ISO 9126] See also portability testing. Load generation can simulate either multiple users or high volumes of input data. Testing using input values that should be rejected by the component or system. A measurement scale and the method used for measurement. [BS 7925/2]. A scripting technique that stores test input and expected results in a table or spreadsheet, so that a single control script can execute all of the tests in the table. In computer terminology, this set of instructions is called a programprogramprogram and one or more programs is termed as softw software. The process consisting of all life cycle activities, both static and dynamic, concerned with planning, preparation and evaluation of software products and related work products to determine that they satisfy specified requirements, to demonstrate that they are fit for purpose and to detect defects. A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed from cause-effect graphs. It is a record of the test planning process [After IEEE 829]. black box testing: Testing, either functional or non-functional, without reference to the internal structure of the component or system. -IEEE 1008:1993. [ISO 2382/1]. A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute representatives from equivalence partitions. A>B. [IEEE 610], consistency: The degree of uniformity, standardization, and freedom from contradiction among the documents or parts of a component or system. [After IEEE 1044], An occurrence in which one defect prevents the detection of another. [IEEE 610]. In order to avoid the ambiguities in different software testing terms I am enclosing a software testing glossary here. [Beizer]. A white box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute definition and use pairs of variables. Implied terms - terms and clauses that are implied in a contract by law or custom and practice without actually being mentioned by any party. Confirmation by examination and through provision of objective evidence that the requirements for a specific intended use or application have been fulfilled. It is a record of the test planning process [After IEEE 829]. A path for which a set of input values and preconditions exists which causes it to be executed. syntax testing: A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed based upon the definition of the input domain and/or output domain. memory performance, CPU usage, of a system or component during execution. The measurement is independent of the technology. The Capability Maturity Model covers practices for planning, engineering and managing software development and maintenance. The process of finding, analyzing and removing the causes of failures in software. These include technical terms, as well as conventions used within the Linux community. [IEEE 610], A discipline applying technical and administrative direction and surveillance to: identify and document the functional and physical characteristics of a configuration item, control changes to those characteristics, record and report change processing and implementation status, and verify compliance with specified requirements. [ISO 9000], A feature or characteristic that affects an item’s quality. Die meisten Produkte können über den Software-Shop der Universität zu Köln erworben werden. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology. capture/playback tools, to control the execution of tests, the comparison of actual results to expected results, the setting up of test preconditions, and other test control and reporting functions. The capability of the software product to be diagnosed for deficiencies or causes of failures in the software, or for the parts to be modified to be identified. statement coverage, decision coverage or condition coverage. Testing that runs test cases that failed the last time they were run, in order to verify the success of corrective actions. See also portability. operational environment: Hardware and software products installed at users’ or customers’ sites where the component or system under test will be used. A test design technique where the experience of the tester is used to anticipate what defects might be present in the component or system under test as a result of errors made, and to design tests specifically to expose them. A collection of components organized to accomplish a specific function or set of functions. test approach: The implementation of the test strategy for a specific project. incremental testing: Testing where components or systems are integrated and tested one or some at a time, until all the components or systems are integrated and tested. The most recent Mac operating systems are Mavericks, Yosemite, and El Capitan. The association of the definition of a variable with the use of that variable. 100% condition determination coverage implies 100% decision condition coverage. In essence, it’s a file saved on your computer, written in a programming language, that contains instructions to tell the computer what to do when the program is launched. availability: The degree to which a component or system is operational and accessible when required for use. Every effort has been made to use definitipns from established standards in this dictionary. [After IEEE 829], defect management: The process of recognizing, investigating, taking action and disposing of defects. Designed for high-volume, batch conversions, FileCenter Automate can search through your existing folders and convert any file you specify to PDF in bulk. See also baseline. Electronic Data Interchange, Internet). <<
complexity: The degree to which a component or system has a design and/or internal structure that is difficult to understand, maintain and verify. [IEEE 610], A specification or software product that has been formally reviewed or agreed upon, that thereafter serves as the basis for further development, and that can be changed only through a formal change control process. An approach to testing in which test cases are designed based on test objectives and test conditions derived from requirements, e.g. The person responsible for testing and evaluating a test object. The leader and main person responsible for an inspection or other review process. test design technique: A method used to derive or select test cases. An approach to testing in which test cases are designed based on descriptions and/or knowledge of business processes. [After IEEE 610, DO178b] See also emulator. [After IEEE 610]. The process of testing to determine the functionality of a software product. [IEEE 610]. by passing an exam. failure rate: The ratio of the number of failures of a given category to a given unit of measure, e.g. See efficiency testing. test management: The planning, estimating, monitoring and control of test activities, typically carried out by a test manager. See also actual result, expected result. reviews or static code analysis. The percentage of equivalence partitions that have been exercised by a test suite. General Terms for Stone Tools . Commonly used to refer to a test procedure specification, especially an automated one. The response of a component or system to a set of input values and preconditions. A test design technique in which a model of the statistical distribution of the input is used to construct representative test cases. The set from which valid input and/or output values can be selected. state table: A grid showing the resulting transitions for each state combined with each possible event, showing both valid and invalid transitions. It involves recording incidents, classifying them and identifying the impact. condition outcome: The evaluation of a condition to True or False. lines-ofcode, number of classes or function points). reviews or static code analysis. requirements-based testing: An approach to testing in which test cases are designed based on test objectives and test conditions derived from requirements, e.g. [Chow] See also state transition testing. [After IEEE 1044], defect masking: An occurrence in which one defect prevents the detection of another. A step-by-step presentation by the author of a document in order to gather information and to establish a common understanding of its content. PDF. [After DO-178b]. To learn more about terms specific to software development teams using Scrum and agile software development techniques, reference the Professional Scrum Developer glossary. ESRI (UK) Ltd General Terms (01 /07 19) Page of 3 ESRI (UK) Ltd, company no. For example, a system in failure mode may be characterized by slow operation, incorrect outputs, or complete termination of execution. A daily build and smoke test is among industry best practices. ad hoc testing: Testing carried out informally; no formal test preparation takes place, no recognized test design technique is used, there are no expectations for results and randomness guides the test execution activity. (2) A test that is be used to compare components or systems to each other or to a standard as in (1). [ISO 9000]. Coverage measures based on the internal structure of the component. invalid testing: Testing using input values that should be rejected by the component or system. The insertion of additional code into the program in order to collect information about program behavior during execution. [ISO 9126] See also usability. Standard for Software Unit Testing. The capability of the software product to provide appropriate performance, relative to the amount of resources used under stated conditions. Environmental and state conditions that must be fulfilled before the component or system can be executed with a particular test or test procedure. behavior: The response of a component or system to a set of input values and preconditions. test design specification: A document specifying the test conditions (coverage items) for a test item, the detailed test approach and identifying the associated high level test cases. During execution, response time measurements are taken from selected transactions and these are logged. fail: A test is deemed to fail if its actual result does not match its expected result. The best PDF viewer just got better. [After IEEE 610]. [After IEEE 829]. [After IEEE 610] See also integration testing. N-switch coverage: The percentage of sequences of N+1 transitions that have been exercised by a test suite. This facilitates defect analysis and allows a process audit to be carried out. frozen test basis: A test basis document that can only be amended by a formal change control process. A requirement that specifies a function that a component or system must perform. mutation analysis: A method to determine test suite thoroughness by measuring the extent to which a test suite can discriminate the program from slight variants (mutants) of the program. [CMM], Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMI): A framework that describes the key elements of an effective product development and maintenance process. A logical expression that can be evaluated as True or False, e.g. [IEEE 829]. See also cyclomatic complexity. A method used to analyze the causes of faults (defects). The number or category assigned to an attribute of an entity by making a measurement [ISO 14598]. >>
all returns to ni will be subject to ni's thencurrent return policy. CAST: Acronym for Computer Aided Software Testing. Wide Band Delphi: An expert based test estimation technique that aims at making an accurate estimation using the collective wisdom of the team members. functionality: The capability of the software product to provide functions which meet stated and implied needs when the software is used under specified conditions. [After IEEE 610], Testing to determine the ease by which users with disabilities can use a component or system. Or it can watch a specific folder and automatically convert new files to fully searchable PDF with OCR text. dynamic comparison: Comparison of actual and expected results, performed while the software is being executed, for example by a test execution tool. The ratio of the number of failures of a given category to a given unit of measure, e.g. A software development approach whereby lines of code (production and/or test) of a component are written by two programmers sitting at a single computer. In some (but not all) versions of this life cycle model, each subproject follows a ‘mini V-model’ with its own design, coding and testing phases. A type of test execution tool where inputs are recorded during manual testing in order to generate automated test scripts that can be executed later (i.e. The percentage of condition outcomes that have been exercised by a test suite. A condition or capability needed by a user to solve a problem or achieve an objective that must be met or possessed by a system or system component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed document. test object: The component or system to be tested. B. Burn-down Chart: a chart which shows the amount of work which is thought to remain in a backlog. interface testing: An integration test type that is concerned with testing the interfaces between components or systems. condition: A logical expression that can be evaluated as True or False, e.g. [ISO 9126] See also usability. A white box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute single condition outcomes that independently affect a decision outcome. interoperability testing: The process of testing to determine the interoperability of a software product. Capitalised terms not defined here have the same meaning as such terms defined in the General Terms. The capability of the software product to achieve acceptable levels of risk of harm to people, business, software, property or the environment in a specified context of use. output: A variable (whether stored within a component or outside) that is written by a component. failures per unit of time, failures per number of transactions, failures per number of computer runs. test harness: A test environment comprised of stubs and drivers needed to conduct a test. test execution: The process of running a test by the component or system under test, producing actual result(s). [After IEEE 829]. branch coverage: The percentage of branches that have been exercised by a test suite. Banking Terms. condition coverage implies 100% condition determination coverage. Cyclomatic complexity is defined as: L – N + 2P, where – L = the number of edges/links in a graph – N = the number of nodes in a graph – P = the number of disconnected parts of the graph (e.g. Supplied software on any suitable media, which leads the installer through the installation process. Debuggers enable programmers to execute programs step by step, to halt a program at any program statement and to set and examine program variables. Comparison of actual and expected results, performed while the software is being executed, for example by a test execution tool. In some (but not all) versions of this life cycle model, each subproject follows a ‘mini V-model’ with its own design, coding and testing phases. Acronym for Computer Aided Software Testing. maturity: (1) The capability of an organization with respect to the effectiveness and efficiency of its processes and work practices. Modification of a software product after delivery to correct defects, to improve performance or other attributes, or to adapt the product to a modified environment. A detailed check of the test basis to determine whether the test basis is at an adequate quality level to act as an input document for the test process. Testing performed to expose defects in the interfaces and interaction between integrated components. It identifies amongst others test items, the features to be tested, the testing tasks, who will do each task, degree of tester independence, the test environment, the test design techniques and test measurement techniques to be used, and the rationale for their choice, and any risks requiring contingency planning. An incremental approach to integration testing where the component at the top of the component hierarchy is tested first, with lower level components being simulated by stubs. A test case with concrete (implementation level) values for input data and expected results. A human action that produces an incorrect result. It normally runs the installation process, provides feedback on installation results, and prompts for options. /Filter /FlateDecode
use case testing: A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute user scenarios. [Freedman and W. Documented procedure to derive and select test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure of a component or system. [After IEEE 829], The process of recognizing, investigating, taking action and disposing of defects. A tool to support performance testing and that usually has two main facilities: load generation and test transaction measurement. The person involved in the review who shall identify and describe anomalies in the product or project under review. There were tools that extract text. The assessment of change to the layers of development documentation, test documentation and components, in order to implement a given change to specified requirements. 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