Computers help cut the blocks and contours precisely, though they cannot fully replace the stonemasons, who are still needed to modify and finish the ashlars. Promotional groups and circles of friends formed both across Germany and abroad, people from all parts of Germany and from many countries encouraged and supporting the rebuilding idea. reconstruct the Frauenkirche according to archeological reconstruction principles. This material was so popular because it is very strong, easy to work and available locally, among other things. Furthermore, the methods for testing materials were not nearly as sophisticated as those of today so that less suitable sandstone blockswere also used. Work then concentrated on preparing the attachment of the lantern roof with its spire cross. It is a genuine invention of the architect George Baehr. George Baehr had intuitively recognized the load transfer problem and had planned to mount ring beams inside the stone base of the dome. Work began on clearing and sifting through the rubble according to archaeological principles on 4th January 1993 with the intention of using as many original stones as possible to rebuild the Frauenkirche. This is also true for a real building site. The carpenters built laggings for the vaults between the inner piers and the outer walls. The steep climb is rewarded with panoramic views over Dresden. A mock-up section was created in the interior of the church building over the entire height of a pier and the adjoining areas to get an impression of the future interior design and fixtures. An assignment for the reconstruction of the historical design of the building Until reconstruction was completed, the most important task of the the Church of our Lady Foundation in Dresden was to ensure that the structural reconstruction of the church closely reflects the design of its architect George Bähr. The lower cornice was completed as a basis or foundation as it were for the inner dome above the church room. The installation of a new canopy was the prerequisite for the construction of the lantern which began on September 1 and reached a height of 77.20 m by Christmas. A construction was thus developed which could be raised hydraulically. Two of the main dome's six tension rings were installed. This Protestant church was designed for preaching sermons with a central seating area oriented towards the altar. On February 13th 1945, 200 hundred years after the church was constructed, Dresden was bombed and completely destroyed, and along with it the magnificent Frauenkirche. On the one hand, they gave building workers access to higher building sections and on the other they temporarily bore parts of the building under construction. The representatives of the foundation, the Bishop of the Protestant Church of Saxony Volker Kreß, the Minister-President of the Free State of Saxony Prof. Kurt Biedenkopf and the Lord-Mayor of Dresden Dr. Herbert Wagner were present at this ceremony on 27th May 1994. were used for the piers. The outer stonework, the spar-type frames, the staircases and the inner stonework reached the height of the window sills. It was certainly a very happy day when the pinnacle cross and its boss were unexpectedly found on 1st June 1993, even though they were greatly damaged. The building workers know just how to bond the stones in each individual place to create a bearing structure from the building plan. Ascent to the Dome Pay admission to the hike to the top of the dome. This unfortunately led to severe building damage which became apparent through cracks in the piers, for example. With the fall of the Berlin Wall and reunification of Germany, a group of citizens made a new push to rebuild the Frauenkirche. When the piers had reached a height of 21.40 m, work began on the arches between the piers and the arches to the spar-type frames. A special atmosphere was created by the music from the organ, designed with great care by Gottfried Silbermann. The viewing platform in the lantern was ready and opened to the public. Special attention was paid to the eight inner piers. Dresden is a city which tries to absorb the variety of flavors from the world influencing it. The last arches between piers and spar-type frames were built and ties inserted. Since its consecration, hundreds of thousands of people have taken part in religious services and guided tours, attended concerts, lectures etc. The seating area was surrounded by tall arcades supported by slender piers on all sides. Dresden Frauenkirche The Dresden Frauenkirche or Church of Our Lady in one of the grandest buildings in all of Europe, but it is its destruction, and reconstruction is to me, what makes this church stand out. The peaceful revolution in 1989 and the Re-unification of Germany in 1990 brought about change also for Dresden’s Frauenkirche. They wanted the Neumarkt to be redesigned according to the model of the site, with small plots and the possible restoration of the facades and roof landscape from before 1945. A fixed point network was defined in the plane. The main dome that made this church so famous was now visible both from inside and outside. Last but not least, it is also an optically attractive building material. There was not a single example for lifting such a frail structure as the canopy. Jazz1979 07:11, 18 November 2005 (UTC) The stone construction reached a height of approximately 51 m at the end of the year. and work began on laying the jamb arches of the main church windows (20.26 m). There were no archetypes for a building site of this size. The pace and complexity of the work in the church's interior had clearly increased. The scale of the project was so vast that it was initially thought to be an impossible task. After the end of WWII, however, neither the Church in the State of Saxony nor the city of Dresden had the funds, let alone technical or personnel resources to launch the rebuilding project on their own. The foundation stone was not laid during this ceremony because it still lies in its place in the foundation of the choir where it was laid on 26th August 1726. This was a real challenge, not least due to the baroque architecture with its multiple curved surfaces. The big roof dormers were built, the staircase towers were raised to a height of approximately 43 m and work on the ‘stone bell’ was continued after laying the last cover plate and completing the dome batter in February 2002. This was preceded by a lot of careful planning. The initial work also included site studies and surveys where the rubble site was photographically documented meter by meter. Another essential task was the reconstruction of the historic basements. The erection of the outer structure was the most important task in 1995. By Spring 2001, work on the stone structure had progressed to such an extent that the geometrical separation of the individual building parts was clearly visible from the scaffolding level below the canopy: The inner dome above the church room separates from the stonework ring that will carry the main dome and rises towards the upper compression ring. Painters had begun to decorate the interior. These form the upper termination of the church room. Corner staircases lead to seating areas in wooden balconies above. The building did not grow as fast in this and the next year since the amounts of sandstone in cubic meters increased per running metre and complicated laggings had to carry the newly-placed arches and vaults. In February 2001, the Foundation Board for the Frauenkirche decided to install a new organ which would reflect the original technical and sound structure of the Silbermann organ of the Frauenkirche and embed it in an overall concept characterized by the personal style of the organ builder. After the erection of the canopy in June 1996, it was raised five times and retrofitted twice to adjust it to the progress of the building work. Special solutions which always required a proof of stability repeatedly had to be developed for both types of scaffolding due to the scale of the building project. The canopy now also covered both of the standing parts of the ruin, the north-west corner tower and the choir, for the first time. A variety of different types of scaffolding were needed during the restoration of the Frauenkirche. Joiners were building the parapets of the galleries in an unparalleled quality and installing noise-insulation shutters in front of the spire chamber windows. In order to honor those who supported the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche a small exhibition area was created. A reinforced concrete floor and ducts for the ventilation and heating systems as well as for laying the cables were placed in the main basement. As the final stones are put in place in Dresden's Frauenkirche, long-time residents of the city recall their horrifying memories when Allied bombers destroyed the city. The work was literally ‘cut out’ for the stone planners. The 12th September was a great day: The Frauenkirche shed its covers on the south, west and north side and proudly presented a view of its façade up to a height of approximately 38 m. The canopy was raised for the sixth time on 5th / 6th November to reach its final height of 68 m with position 6. The small brick groin vaults above the choir galleries were built first. Both shells of the dome had been penetrated by eight openings for windows. These allowed three-dimensional representations: all structural parts could thus be mapped spatially and their positions in the structure could be predefined and subsequently checked. Sandstone is the building material used for the Frauenkirche and many other buildings in Dresden and its surroundings. The sacred structure was built by George Bähr between 1726 and 1743. Around 60,000 people on the spot and 8 million viewers in front of their TV’s witnessed and celebrated the occasion. Original pieces of the church were used in its reconstruction and are a darker color. The canopy was raised for a third time between 8th to 11th May 2000. Various experiments were carried out by the Institute of Geotechnik and the Department of Structural Design at the Technical University Dresden. The outer walls had reached a height of 8.1 m. It was planned to erect the outer stonework up to a height of 16.4 m during the next construction stage, lot 3. The new Protestant church kept the orginal name “Frauenkirche”. The aim was to rediscover the church's geometry that was lost with its destruction, to transfer this into building plans and to improve the bearing structure where necessary. Deadlines and schedules were jeopardised. The church was destroyed shortly before the end of World War II. In 1993, work to clear the rubble began. The sandstone for Bähr’s Frauenkirche as well as the rebuilt church comes from the Posta quarries in the Elbsandsteingebirge (Elbe Sandstone Mountains) near Dresden. However, due to political circumstances in East Germany, the reconstruction came to a halt. Dresden is a beautiful Baroque city located in the heart of former East Germany. The promotional group with initially 14 members eventually developed into a promotional society whose radiation reached all spheres of society. The inner cupola rested on these wide arcades. But no matter how indispensable the computer was as a working tool, it could not replace the creativity of the architects and engineers. Several times there was even the threat of complete clearing of the ruin. This meant that the scaffolding in front of the façade was not required any more and could be dismantled. The reconstruction of the dome of the Dresden Frauenkirche was particularly complex and expensive. Furthermore, the representation of the Apostle John was created on an area of the inner dome above pier F. The year 2003 was marked by the completion of the main stone dome. Technologies and mortar mixes were tested and varied and a number of important insights could be gained. The first stage of construction lot 4 began with scaffolding and carpentry work. The piers were erected up to the position from where the arches spring (18.37 m). It has been the capital of Saxony since the rule of King Augustus the Strong, when the city was at its pinacle. Interior building work continued at a high pace. Bähr knew that these piers were of paramount importance for his bearing concept. 40,000 people gathered in the streets and squares around the Frauenkirche to listen. Finally, a very close eye was kept on compliance with the joint thickness and mortar quality so that the bearing capacity of the piers' stone work could be doubled as a result. The reinforced concrete structure that was designed as a ‘white tank’ encircles the east side of the church in a ‘U’-shape and nestles against George Bähr's foundations leaving just a settlement joint. In the final winter of World War II, the allied forces bombarded Dresden and killed thousands of the residents. The main dome started to deviate from the perpendicular and incline inwards there. What's more, it quickly became clear that it would take too much time to dismantle and reassemble the construction to raise it to the required heights. The most important day of the year 2000 was without doubt the 13th February when the new pinnacle cross was handed over by his Royal Highness the Duke of Kent on the occasion of the 55th anniversary of the destruction of Dresden. In 2002 the canopy had to be raised twice to provide enough space for the quickly growing church building. In the course of the reconstruction of the nearby Frauenkirche a debate arose over a restoration of the pre-war design, however, from 2000 to 2004, the interior was refurbished in its 1955 condition. The penetrating water thus had to be diverted into ducts covered by plates on the main cornice in future. Enter to see the grand hall, and head up to the dome (one of Europe's largest) for fantastic views and photo ops of the city. It was a troubled path they followed, faced with repeated controversy, but their dream eventually came true. The lateral arcatures were laid to the sacristy, baptistery and confessional boxes in the choir. The inner cupola was lit by large windows which brought filtered light into the interior. The Frauenkirche, for some the most beautiful protestant church in the world, was destroyed in a useless attack to Dresden, at the end of WWII. The reconstruction of selected architectural monuments was also forced ahead from the very beginning: the reconstruction of the Zwinger was completed in 1964. From there the canopy was raised to 57 m in April. Stone blocks are now either blast in a controlled way or cut using a high-pressure water jet. The stones were exclusively hewn on site and most required a lot of reworking. One arch lagging set up on steel girders between the piers was curved in itself because it adjoined conically diverging lines of the piers. Reconstruction of the Frauenkirche Dresden, 2005. This section had suffered repeated damage due to penetrating rain water. Artists, Architects, Engineers, Historians, Scientific Researchers, Socialists, and Conservationists all started taking an active part in the discussion and decision making process for the reconstruction of the Frauenkirche. Work then began on rebuilding a section of the south-east wall between the choir and entrance A. The decorative mock-up was particularly important for finally determining the colour schemes and finishes. Sanitary fitters were installing supply and return lines for toilet and kitchen areas and fire extinguishing equipment. The unusual shape of the dome has always aroused fascination and admiration; it has neither predecessors nor successors. Continuous variance comparison ensured the necessary precision and avoided extraordinary tensions in the structure. A so-called altitude point network was defined in the vertical so that invariable altitude points could also be defined. Today, the local government driven by the love of its citizens for their city, has led to the redevelopment of the city and an effort to recreate Dresden and its magnificent beauty. Nevertheless, the transport process still took too much time. Complicated calculations with regard to the bearing concept were carried out to correct the flow of loads in bearing structure planning. The cupola and spire cross were erected with a special crane in the course of a church service on June 22, 2004. In 1993, photogrammetric pictures were taken of the ruin to reconstruct the spatiality and three-dimensional shape of the Frauenkirche. A year later it was lifted to 33.50 m and then to 44 m for the last time in May 2000. The outer wall had now reached a height of approximately 28.3 m. The masonry back-up was laid in all sections up to the same height. However, the political conditions in the then GDR did no permit continuation of the commenced work. Because of its superior quality, only sandstone from the so-called ‘white bank’ of the Wehlen quarry was used for the inner piers. The masonry of the structure was required to protect from the elements and prevent moisture from penetrating the inside of the building during a long, low-maintenance life time. These mistakes had to be avoided in the rebuilding project. Skip to language selection (Press Enter). 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