Stephen D. Cummings and Patrick B. Reddy. Kimco Realty Corp. (NYSE: KIM) is a real estate investment trust (REIT) headquartered in New Hyde Park, N.Y., that is North America's largest publicly traded owner and operator of open-air shopping centers. The NFL Super Bowl has been hosted in California 11 times at four different stadiums: Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the Rose Bowl, Stanford Stadium, and San Diego's Qualcomm Stadium. ", "Appendix A: Etymology of the Word 'California': Surmises and Usage", "Big Era Two: Human Beings Almost Everywhere – 200,000 – 10,000 Years Ago", "California as an Island in Maps—Online Exhibits", "California Indian History—Native American Caucus", 10 Facts: California during the Civil War, "California Militia and Expeditions Against the Indians, 1850–1859", "see also Benjamin Madley, American Genocide: The California Indian Catastrophe, 1846–1873, Yale University Press, 2012", "California—Race and Hispanic Origin: 1850 to 1990", "Shipbuilding Essay—World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary", "Richmond Shipyard Number Three: World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary", "Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, Kaiser Shipyards", "Saving the Bay—The Greatest Shipbuilding Center in the World", "Aerospace States' Incentives to Attract The Industry", "The Aerospace Industry in Southern California", "Getting Out: The Great California Exodus: Remember us? About 37,000 earthquakes are recorded each year, but most are too small to be felt. These huge ranchos or cattle ranches emerged as the dominant institutions of Mexican California. Construction and maintenance of state roads and statewide transportation planning are primarily the responsibility of the California Department of Transportation, nicknamed "Caltrans". During the American Civil War (1861–1865), California sent gold shipments eastwards to Washington in support of the Union. [114], In the deserts of the lower Sonoran zone, the mammals include the jackrabbit, kangaroo rat, squirrel, and opossum. "[259], The capital of California is located within Sacramento. After the 2012 elections, when the new system took effect, Democrats gained four seats and held a 38–15 majority in the delegation. California has twinning arrangements with the region of Catalonia in Spain[201] [181][failed verification]. [161] Non-Hispanic whites constituted 36.8% of the state's population. The routes are becoming increasingly popular over flying, especially on the LAX-SFO route. [128], Between 2000 and 2009, there was a natural increase of 3,090,016 (5,058,440 births minus 2,179,958 deaths). [264] Before the passage of California Proposition 14 (2010), California allowed each political party to choose whether to have a closed primary or a primary where only party members and independents vote. Senators serve four-year terms and Assembly members two. In 1940, the Census Bureau reported California's population as 6.0% Hispanic, 2.4% Asian, and 89.5% non-Hispanic white.[78]. Subsequent locations included Vallejo (1852–1853), and nearby Benicia (1853–1854); these locations eventually proved to be inadequate as well. The maritime moderation results in the shoreline summertime temperatures of Los Angeles and San Francisco being the coolest of all major metropolitan areas of the United States and uniquely cool compared to areas on the same latitude in the interior and on the east coast of the North American continent. The state is organized into three branches of government—the executive branch consisting of the governor[261] and the other independently elected constitutional officers; the legislative branch consisting of the Assembly and Senate;[262] and the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of California and lower courts. [162], As of 2011[update], 75.1% of California's population younger than age 1 were minorities, meaning they had at least one parent who was not non-Hispanic white (white Hispanics are counted as minorities). The Tehachapi area is also where the Tehachapi Energy Storage Project is located. [156] In particular, illegal immigrants tended to be concentrated in Los Angeles, Monterey, San Benito, Imperial, and Napa Counties—the latter four of which have significant agricultural industries that depend on manual labor. The capital has been located in Sacramento since 1854[73] with only a short break in 1862 when legislative sessions were held in San Francisco due to flooding in Sacramento. The state's crude oil and natural gas deposits are located in the Central Valley and along the coast, including the large Midway-Sunset Oil Field. The Mojave River is the primary watercourse in the Mojave Desert, and the Santa Ana River drains much of the Transverse Ranges as it bisects Southern California. ... Gas Station Pharmacy. The armies of each met at the Battle of Providencia near Los Angeles. [166] It is currently projected that Hispanics will rise to 49% of the population by 2060, primarily due to domestic births rather than immigration. The state's coasts, rivers, and other bodies of water are regulated by the California Coastal Commission. [122][123] Among threatened animals are the coastal California gnatcatcher, Paiute cutthroat trout, southern sea otter, and northern spotted owl. Under California law, the terms "city" and "town" are explicitly interchangeable; the name of an incorporated municipality in the state can either be "City of (Name)" or "Town of (Name)". Costco97 is neither affiliated nor endorsed by Costco Wholesale Inc. - but we secretly hope they love us! [54] The governor granted many square leagues of land to others with political influence. [165] Over the past 25 years, the population of non-Hispanic whites has declined, while Hispanic and Asian populations have grown. His letters were read, reread, passed around, and printed in newspapers throughout the country, and started the first wagon trains rolling to California. As a border and coastal state, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America and Asia. Falls ein Verkäufer in den USA oder Großbritannien ansässig ist, kann er das eBay-Programm zum weltweiten Versand (GSP) nutzen. [220] Per capita income varies widely by geographic region and profession. In 1846, the total settler population of the western part of the old Alta California had been estimated to be no more than 8,000, plus about 100,000 Native Americans, down from about 300,000 before Hispanic settlement in 1769.[70]. California continues to have a large Roman Catholic population due to the large numbers of Mexicans and Central Americans living within its borders. From 1899 to 1939, California had Republican governors. Ignoring his superiors, during the battle, he signaled the other side for a parlay. [150] Immigration from Latin American countries has dropped significantly with most immigrants now coming from Asia. [283] However, as of 2002[update], Californians were relatively under-represented in the military as a proportion to its population. The population burgeoned with United States citizens, Europeans, Chinese and other immigrants during the great California Gold Rush. [172] Like most U.S. states (32 out of 50), California law enshrines English as its official language, and has done so since the passage of Proposition 63 by California voters. [129] The state of California's own statistics show a population of 38,292,687 for January 1, 2009. [289] In socio-cultural mores and national politics, Californians are perceived as more liberal than other Americans, especially those who live in the inland states. The most prominent river system within California is formed by the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River, which are fed mostly by snowmelt from the west slope of the Sierra Nevada, and respectively drain the north and south halves of the Central Valley. [33][37][38] In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. [14] If it were a country, California would be the fifth-largest economy in the world, and the 37th-most populous as of 2020[update]. [45][46][note 1] Sebastián Vizcaíno explored and mapped the coast of California in 1602 for New Spain, sailing as far north as Cape Mendocino. The official Staff account. [139] San Jose, San Diego, and Benicia tied for California's second incorporated city, each receiving incorporation on March 27, 1850. The Spaniards gave the name Las Californias to the peninsula of Baja California and to Alta California, the region that became the present-day state of California. Newsom appointed Secretary of State Alex Padilla to finish the rest of Harris's term which ends in 2022, Padilla has vowed to run for the full term in that election cycle. Mortgage companies were compliant, as everyone assumed the prices would keep rising. In the 1992 U.S. Senate election, California became the first state to elect a Senate delegation entirely composed of women, due to the victories of Feinstein and Barbara Boxer. [266] At the primary election, the two candidates with the top votes will advance to the general election regardless of party affiliation. [278], California is represented by U.S. senators Dianne Feinstein, a native and former mayor of San Francisco, and Alex Padilla, a native and former secretary of state of California. [69], Following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (February 2, 1848) that ended the war, the westernmost portion of the annexed Mexican territory of Alta California soon became the American state of California, and the remainder of the old territory was then subdivided into the new American Territories of Arizona, Nevada, Colorado and Utah. Since 1990, California has generally elected Democratic candidates to federal, state and local offices, including current Governor Gavin Newsom; however, the state has elected Republican Governors, though many of its Republican Governors, such as Arnold Schwarzenegger, tend to be considered moderate Republicans and more centrist than the national party. California's mountain ranges also influence the climate: some of the rainiest parts of the state are west-facing mountain slopes. [248] The Arroyo Seco Parkway, connecting Los Angeles and Pasadena, opened in 1940 as the first freeway in the Western United States. We left Southern California looking for cheaper housing, employment opportunities and a better way of life. Tanbark oak, California laurel, sugar pine, madrona, broad-leaved maple, and Douglas-fir also grow here. [77], Migration to California accelerated during the early 20th century with the completion of major transcontinental highways like the Lincoln Highway and Route 66. [59] He invited immigrants to stay on his ranch until they could get settled, and assisted in their obtaining passports. [257] Water use and conservation in California is a politically divisive issue, as the state experiences periodic droughts and has to balance the demands of its large agricultural and urban sectors, especially in the arid southern portion of the state. During this same period, Russian ships also explored along the California coast and in 1812 established a trading post at Fort Ross. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. The Central Valley is California's productive agricultural heartland. Farther inland, there are colder winters and hotter summers. [237], As a result of the state's strong environmental movement, California has some of the most aggressive renewable energy goals in the United States, with a target for California to obtain a third of its electricity from renewables by 2020. [212] As of May 2020[update], California has an unemployment rate of 16.3%. California has a total of 290,821 acres (1,176.91 km2) of National Wildlife Refuges. Computers and electronic products are California's top export, accounting for 42 percent of all the state's exports in 2008. As in other American states, many of the native inhabitants were soon forcibly removed from their lands by incoming American settlers such as miners, ranchers, and farmers. [284], In 2000, California, had 2,569,340 veterans of United States military service: 504,010 served in World War II, 301,034 in the Korean War, 754,682 during the Vietnam War, and 278,003 during 1990–2000 (including the Persian Gulf War). state. [242] Voters banned the approval of new nuclear power plants since the late 1970s because of concerns over radioactive waste disposal. The two rivers join in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta, flowing into the Pacific Ocean through San Francisco Bay. A San Jose motorcyclist died in a crash Sunday morning on Highway 130 east of Mount Hamilton, the California Highway Patrol said. Guests will not be admitted. Among the political idiosyncrasies and trendsetting, California was the second state to recall their state governor, the second state to legalize abortion, and the only state to ban marriage for gay couples twice by vote (including Proposition 8 in 2008). Get all of's best Celebrities lists, news, and more. [3][4][5] The range embraces Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to the giant sequoia trees, the largest living organisms on Earth, and the deep freshwater lake, Lake Tahoe, the largest lake in the state by volume. The Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta is a critical water supply hub for the state. As of December 1997[update], 85 plant species were listed as threatened or endangered. By the end of 2009, the California DMV had 26,555,006 driver's licenses and ID cards on file. Use filters to narrow your search by price, square feet, beds, and baths to find homes that fit your criteria. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with California highlighted, Guidon of the California 100 Company (Company A) during the. This variety, known as California English, has a vowel shift and several other phonological processes that are different from varieties of American Water is diverted from the delta and through an extensive network of pumps and canals that traverse nearly the length of the state, to the Central Valley and the State Water Projects and other needs. It would be possible to convert the total supply to 100% renewable energy, including heating, cooling and mobility, by 2050.[240]. Many of the trees in the California White Mountains are the oldest in the world; an individual bristlecone pine is over 5,000 years old.[103][104]. To meet the population's needs, major engineering feats like the California and Los Angeles Aqueducts; the Oroville and Shasta Dams; and the Bay and Golden Gate Bridges were built across the state. [86] As a result of these efforts, California is regarded as a world center of the entertainment and music industries, of technology, engineering, and the aerospace industry, and as the United States center of agricultural production. [182] This is a change from 2008, when the population identified their religion with the Catholic Church with 31 percent; Evangelical Protestants with 18 percent; and Mainline Protestants with 14 percent. [44] The first Asians to set foot on what would be the United States occurred in 1587, when Filipino sailors arrived in Spanish ships at Morro Bay. [167], English serves as California's de jure and de facto official language. The California Department of Motor Vehicles is by far the largest in North America. The missions, which controlled most of the best land in the state, were secularized by 1834 and became the property of the Mexican government. [150][152], The state's population of undocumented immigrants has been shrinking in recent years, due to increased enforcement and decreased job opportunities for lower-skilled workers. Russia's early 19th-century coastal settlements in California were positioned just north of the northernmost edge of the area of Spanish settlement in San Francisco Bay, and were the southernmost Russian settlements in North America. In the early 20th century, fueled by the efforts of state and local boosters, many Americans saw the Golden State as an ideal resort destination, sunny and dry all year round with easy access to the ocean and mountains. In many council-manager cities, the city council selects one of its members as a mayor, sometimes rotating through the council membership—but this type of mayoral position is primarily ceremonial. Its two sections meet at Yerba Buena Island through the world's largest diameter transportation bore tunnel, at 76 feet (23 m) wide by 58 feet (18 m) high. California has also experienced disputes over water rights; and a tax revolt, culminating with the passage of Proposition 13 in 1978, limiting state property taxes. Meanwhile, attracted to the mild Mediterranean climate, cheap land, and the state's wide variety of geography, filmmakers established the studio system in Hollywood in the 1920s. It has many earthquakes due to several faults running through the state, the largest being the San Andreas Fault. We found a whopping 91 online clearance items for you this week! Between 1850 and 1860, the California state government paid around 1.5 million dollars (some 250,000 of which was reimbursed by the federal government)[76] to hire militias whose purpose was to protect settlers from the indigenous populations. Its car culture, giving California 's prison population grew from fewer one. And Townsend 's solitaire, more than quadrupled over the past three decades from! 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